Linking to supplementary digital content

PAM Authors are encouraged to store and share their research data online as supplementary open content and to refer to existing datasets in repositories or databases. The journal offers an opportunity to link to digital content in a number of ways:

  • with stable numeric identifiers within the text, with live links to stable URIs;
  • with traditional references in the Author-Date format.

Citing datasets and individual files in repositories

Datasets and individual files uploaded to repositories like RepOD Repository for Open Data or Zenodo can be easily cited using the journal’s regular referencing system (Author-Date).

According to good practices of data citation, in the List of References the citations of datasets and single files should contain the following elements:

Author (Year). Title. Version, if provided. Data Repository or Archive: Global Persistent Identifier.

Example of dataset citation:

“Marble finds from the site were studied in detail (Gwiazda 2022).”

Referenced as:

Gwiazda, M. (2022). Marmora Bizantina dataset. Zenodo repository:

Example of citing an individual file:

“Imitations of these solidi are attested (Zapolska 2024).”

Referenced as:

Zapolska, A. (2024). Imitation of a Late Roman solidus from Northern Jutland – research paper. V1. RepOD: Map_scandinavian_imitations_ver01.jpg

Conversely, repositories like RepOD enable linking datasets to related publications by entering publication titles in dedicated metadata fields. Authors are encouraged to update these fields following publication in PAM.

Citing online database and gazetteer entries

Stable, unique numeric identifiers to entities such as places, objects, texts or names are well suited for in-text citation. Use of such short IDs permits to keep the flow of the text without cluttering it with long hyperlink strings while maintaining easy access to links to the database content.

Among databases that assign such numeric identifiers are, for instance, Trismegistos, Pleiades, or the Database of Medieval Nubian Texts. For in-text citations with live links, we suggest the following guidelines:

The in-text, human-readable anchor phrase should consist of the following: abbreviated database name + type of entity + unique numeric identifier. The anchor phrase should link to the URI, which will remain live in the online version of the publication.


“The research was conducted in the town of Larisa (TM Geo 1224) on 3–4 May 2023.”

“The temple is located at Deir el-Bahari (Pleiades ID 512504673).”

“The stela (DBMNT Text 488) is currently housed in Berlin.”

PAM publishes the live links only in the online version.

The citations in the References section should follow the examples below, providing the name of the Author and date when the entry was last edited, if available:

TM Geo 1224. Larisa. Trismegistos Places. (accessed 06.03.2024)

Pleiades ID 512504673. Becker, J. (2022). Deir el-Bahari: a Pleiades place resource. Pleiades: A Gazetteer of Past Places. (accessed 06.03.2024)

DBMNT Text 488. Database of Medieval Nubian Texts. (accessed 06.03.2024)

Digital partnership with the ASOR LCP database

ASOR Levantine Ceramics Project (LCP) database offers an opportunity to create connections between ceramics catalogues or syntheses published in a traditional journal and a digital space dedicated to pottery research. The LCP database permits researchers to go beyond the limited scope and closed format of a publication and increase the potential of research on pottery by including additional material in digital form. In addition, LCP allows for easy, time-stamped updates and amendments and constitutes a dynamic space for discussion.

The Authors benefit from the additional digital space provided by the LCP for including supplementary, detailed descriptions and illustration material. The Readers are able to easily access the additional information provided in the database. The Users of the LCP database can easily access both the online material and the published content.

PAM encourages Authors to upload materials to the LCP and to cross-reference the database entries and the published content. As a result, an LCP citation with the Author’s name will appear in the journal and, conversely, a reference to the article will appear in LCP.

The LCP reference is, in essence, an ID number with a stable link leading to a page in the database. Authors of papers devoted to ceramics are encouraged to cite LCP entries by adding ID numbers in parentheses with hyperlinks to the stable URLs of database entries, e.g., Southern Phoenician Persian-Hellenistic Sandy Cooking Ware (LCP Ware ID28). Inclusion of such short IDs permits to keep the flow of the article without cluttering it with long hyperlink strings while maintaining links to the database content.

PAM publishes the live LCP links only in the online version, and the Authors should submit materials to the LCP before submitting the final (reviewed and revised) version of the manuscript to PAM, so the link can be included.

The reference should be included in the References list in the following format:

LCP Ware ID28. Monnickendam-Givon, B., Berlin, A.M., Stone, P.J., and Shapiro, A. (2023). Southern Phoenician Persian-Hellenistic Sandy Cooking Ware. The Levantine Ceramics Project. (accessed 08.05.2023)