Classic Aksumite (AD 130/190–360/400) to Late Aksumite (AD 550/610–800/850)
Most interesting finds:
– Stone pillars
– A 6m-high stela
History of research:
Investigated by the PCMA mission in:
Type of research:
Excavations and survey
– Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, University of Warsaw
– Authority for Research and Conservation of the Cultural Heritage (ARCCH) in Addis Ababa
– Tigray Culture and Tourism Bureau in Mekelle
The site was first visited by Biagio Pace in 1935. He reported about the Aksumite ruins to Carlo Conti Rossini, who himself never visited the site. However, it was upon his suggestion and request, that Antonio Mordini went to Debre Gergis in the course of his surveys in Tigray (1939–1944). Mordini described and photographed the ruins near the church of Endā Qirqos. He reported about the high stele, several smaller ones, and vast Aksumite graveyards.
In the 2007, Wolbert Smidt conducted ethno-historical research in the area of Debre Gergis.
Description of the site and research:
The first season of archaeological investigations at Debre Gergis will take place in the spring of 2020. The work will focus on the excavation on the southern side of the mound (measuring c. 30m by 20m) where the stone pillars are visible protruding to the surface.
At the same time, a survey will be carried out in the environs of the ruins and the stele in order to map and document the surface remains and possibly identify interesting spots for further research.