• Project name:

    Haditha Dam Salvage Project

  • Site type:

    Lithic site


    Near the Haditha Dam on the Euphrates


    – Lower Paleolithic (500,000–200,000 BC)
    – Middle Paleolithic (200,000–40,000 BC)
    – Upper Paleolithic (40,000–10,000 BC)

Most interesting finds:

– Lower Paleolithic hand axes and pebble tools belonging to the oldest finds in Iraq
– Levallois and Mousterian tools

History of research:

Dates of PCMA research:


Type of research:


Project directors:

Stefan Karol Kozłowski
Waldemar Chmielewski


– Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology of the University of Warsaw
– Directorate of Antiquities of the Republic of Iraq

Description of site and research results:

Complex of mainly Paleolithic sites located in the meander of the Euphrates, where a sequence of Pleistocene river terraces was preserved. The oldest Lower Paleolithic tools are single finds from secondary deposits. The richest assemblage of finds dates to the Middle Paleolithic and is related to the material of Levallois and Mousterian type from the Levant and the Syrian Desert and to the finds from the Shanidar Cave.

Project bibliography:

Kozłowski, S.K. (2006). The Haditha Lithics. In Ch. Kepinski, O. Lecomte & A. Tenu (Eds.), Studia Euphratica. Le moyen Euphrat iraquien révélé par les fouilles préventives de Haditha (pp. 21-65). (Travaux de la Maison René-Ginouvès 3), Paris: De Bocard.

Kozłowski, S.K., Krogulska, M., Reiche, A., Szymczak, K. (1986). Irak, w: Kiss, Z. (red.) 50 lat polskich wykopalisk w Egipcie i na Bliskim Wschodzie, Warszawa: PCMA, 135–142.

Chmielewski, W. & Kozłowski, S.K. (1985). Preliminary results of the study of flint industries from the Haditha region, Iraq. Jahrbuch des Bernischen Historischen Museum 63/64 (Jagen und Sammeln: Festschrift fuer Hans-Georg Bandi zum 65. Geburtstag), 55–68.

Kozłowski, S.K., (1985). Preliminary Results of the Palaeolithic Survey at the Haditha Region „Al-Qdissiya Dam Project“. Sumer XLII 1-2, 12–14.

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